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Food Safety


Lots of Flowers, Lots of Seeds    

I have never seen lilacs bloom like they did this year.  Also, elms and maples have produced enormous amounts of seed in some areas.  In certain cases, this has delayed leaf emergence, especially in the upper portions of the tree. Why did this happen?  What triggered it?
     We know that stress can cause trees and shrubs to put more energy into seed production.   The strategy seems to produce lots of seed in case the “mother” plant dies.  This large expenditure of energy means that there was less energy left over to push out leaves in the spring 
resulting in delayed leaf emergence.
     So, let’s look at the likely cause.  Remember the flowers and seeds that were produced this year came from buds that were produced last year during the growing season.  Therefore, it was a stress that came last year that caused the problem.  Actually, I think it was a stress from the Fall of 2017 through much of the Spring of 2018 that triggered the plants.  In the Manhattan area, we had adequate rainfall through October of 2017, but then virtually nothing until May of 2018.  This drought was 
severe enough that root systems were likely damaged so that even when 
rainfall returned, the plant was under moisture stress, especially in 
the upper portions of the tree.  This stress, then, stimulated the plant 
to set an abnormally high number of fruit buds resulting in tremendous 
flowering and seed production this year.
     What do we do about this? First, don’t assume a tree is dead if leaves don’t appear immediately. Also, don’t assume the top portion of the tree is dead if it is slower to leaf out than the lower portions of the tree.  Give the tree a few more weeks and see what happens.
     Next, these trees and shrubs don’t have a lot of energy reserves left so they need to be given extra care. Primarily this means watering as needed. Keep in mind that too much water is as bad as too little.  
Roots need to breathe; they need oxygen. With the excessive rains, much of Kansas has received recently, it may be a while before watering needs to be done.  Just don’t wait too long as the damaged root system will not be as efficient in taking up the water the plant needs.  So when do you start watering?  Use a screwdriver to try to penetrate the soil under the tree.  If it is difficult to push the tang of the screwdriver into the soil, it is time to water.  Water enough so that the soil is moist to a depth of one foot. Use a long-tanged screwdriver, a wooden dowel or a metal rod such as a section of rebar or electric fence post to test. It will stop when it hits dry soil. (Ward Upham)


Successful Extension Education Delivery Model Considered Locally Atchison-Leavenworth Districting News Update 2018 

Atchison and Leavenworth County Extension Councils plan to join 50 counties across the state who have formed extension districts. There are currently 17 Kansas Extension Districts. Local discussions in regard to districting have been ongoing. Local extension council members have developed a QUESTION AND ANSWER FACT SHEET to provide districting details to local citizens. Community members are also encouraged to contact local Atchison or Leavenworth County Extension offices if they have additional questions. They may also visit their local county extension office for a printed copy of the fact sheet. Learn more here.